Stéphane Guerrier Illinois University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Abstract: We present a new framework for the robust estimation of latent time series models which is fairly general and, for example, covers models going from ARMA to state-space models. This approach provides estimators which are (i) consistent and asymptotically normally distributed, (ii) applicable to various classes of time series models, (iii) straightforward to implement and (iv) computationally e cient. The framework is based on the recently developed Generalized Method of Wavelet Moments (GMWM) and a new robust estimator of the wavelet variance. Compared to existing methods, the latter directly estimates the quantity of interest while performing better in finite samples and using milder conditions for its asymptotic properties to hold. Moreover, results are given showing the identifiability of the GMWM for various classes of time series models thereby allowing this method to consistently estimate many models (and combinations thereof) under mild conditions. Hence, not only does this
paper provide an alternative estimator which allows to perform wavelet variance analysis when data are contaminated but also a general approach to robustly estimate the parameters of a variety of (latent) time series models. The simulation studies carried out confirm the better performance
of the proposed estimators and the usefulness and broadness of the proposed methodology is shown using practical examples from the domains of economics and engineering with sample sizes up to 900,000.